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HECHO POR MARÍA LEIVA Y NEREA JAIME: 

Hola a todos y a todas en esta entrada les vamos a hablar de las Cortes de Cádiz.

En España mandaba José I, hermano de Napoleón Bonaparte, pero a los españoles no les gustaba este rey porque era francés. Decidieron reunirse en Cádiz los contrarios a este rey.

Pensaron reunirse en Cádiz porque era una ciudad que no estaba invadida por los franceses. Esta reunión consistía en aportar ideas liberales. Era una única asamblea en las Cortes. De allí salió aprobada la Constitución de 1812, con unas ideas muy liberales.

Los principios del liberalismo fueron:

– Soberanía nacional.

–  Ieología progresista.

– Sufragio universal.

– Declaración de derechos.

– Relaciones de la iglesia con el estado.

– División de poderes: Poder ejecutivo (rey), poder legislativo (Cortes), poder judicial (tribunales).

En las Cortes de Cádiz también se aprobaron unas leyes destinadas a suprimir lo que no les gustaba del Antiguo Régimen (inquisición, gremios, señoríos, impuestos, etc.)

A esta constitución se la llamó La Pepa al ser aprobada el 19 de marzo día de San José.

Cortes_de_Cadiz_Juramento_de_los_Diputados_1

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